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Animal husbandry made things worse, as domesticated animals began grazing grasslands down to the earth.
In places wehere the ground is bare - from overgrazing or from the common practice of leaving fields unplanted for part of the year - photosynthesis stops. Lal calculates that land use changes such as these have stripped 70 billion to 100 billion tons of carbon from the world's soils and pumped it into the earth's atmosphere, oceans, and lakes since the dawn of agriculture. - Geography Trivia / Ireland - "The shape and landscape of present-day Ireland—an island of 27,100 square miles [70,200 square kilometers]—were formed 10,000 years ago when Atlantic Ocean glaciers slowly began their retreat.
Application of this method of age determination is limited to those periods of pottery and fired clay availability ( from about 6000 BC to the present). Radiocarbon WEB-info Provides a large international listing of laboratories that do radiocarbon dating; information on radiocarbon dating; publications and references; and educational materials. The Smithsonian Institution, Museum Conservation Institute (MCI), gives no endorsements for any products, materials or services mentioned in this pamphlet and is not responsible for problems from their use or misuse.
When humans started draining and plowing up the natural topsoil for planting, they exposed the buried carbon to oxygen, creating carbon dioxide and releasing it into the air.
Radiocarbon dating: radioactive carbon decays to nitrogen with a half-life of 5730 years.
In dead material, the decayed 14C is not replaced and its concentration in the object decreases slowly.
These are: Pluto [250 years], Neptune [165 years], Uranus [84 years], Saturn [28 years] and Jupiter [12 years]." - Wiki Trivia - "In the 8th millennium BC, agriculture became widely practised in the Fertile Crescent and Anatolia. Decline of Indus and Saraswati Civilization - 2200-1900 BC; 6. Period of evolution of syncretic Hindu culture - 1400-250 BC [....] 8,000 B. - Bog Bodies - "Over the past centuries, remains of many hundreds of people - men, women, and children - have come to light during peat cutting activities in northwestern Europe, especially in Ireland, Great Britain, the Netherlands, northern Germany, and Denmark.
/ Cyprus - "[....] Cyprus, the third-largest island in the Mediterranean, is thought to have been first settled around 8,800 B. [....]" [Based on: article: (Cyprus Digs Reveal First Settlements May Be Older Than Thought) by Paul Tugwell - Last Updated: July 22, 2009 EDT] - Neptune-Pluto Conjunction - "There are five major planets with average cycles of motion relevant to the study of history. Development of Saraswati-Indus Civilization - 3000-2200 BC; 5.
From around 550 BCE, many independent kingdoms and republics known as the Mahajanapadas were established across the country. [....]" [Based on: - [T. - 12/15/08]*Trivia: "[....] At the Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka humans lived throughout the Upper Paleolithic (10th to 8th millennia BC), revealing cave paintings dating to ca. The ensuing increase in food resources made possible a spectacular growth of human population between 80 B. It also required cooperative effort, particularly after the introduction of irrigation led to the establishment of settled organized societies, at first in villages and later in towns and cities, and the development of new technologies, social systems and ideologies." [Based on: Compact History Of The World, edited by Geoffrey Parker, copyright 2003, pp.